Architecture Photography – Everything You Need to Know

Architectural photography is a genre of photography that focuses on capturing photographs of buildings or structures. Hence, it also involves photographing the interiors and exteriors of buildings, bridges, structures, and cityscapes. When compared to other photography fields, this kind of photography is less dynamic as it demands you to spend a lot of time contemplating over a scene or an environment. As a result, you may not need a speedy or continuous shooting mode camera. Still, you will have to focus on the image’s quality.

Additionally, you must be ready to use the editing tools, know how to fit a building into a frame, and integrate the rules of composition. Architectural photography was born in the 1870’s when the famous architectural photographer Albert Levy began to click photos of older buildings. Later, modern buildings were photographed by the American mid-century modernist Julius Shulman.

Styles of Architecture Photography

Architecture photography divides into two categories based on the location of photography, they include:

  • Exterior Architecture Photography captures the outer structure of a building. Since the exteriors of a building receive abundant natural light, they are pretty easy to be photographed. The prevailing weather conditions influence this type of photography and may result in a dynamic photograph.

  • Interior Architecture Photography captures the interiors of a building. This kind of photography is often challenging as there is limited light availability within the premises of a structure. Hence, supplemental lighting is required to capture the interiors accurately. 

  • Cityscape Photography: This style of photography captures the urban setup consisting of a plethora of buildings and skylines. Cityscape photography showcases the structure in which the buildings, bridges, and skyscrapers are arranged.

  • Skyscraper Photography: mainly deals with capturing the skyscrapers highlighting their majesty. 

Equipment for Architecture Photography

You can seek the help of a plethora of photography equipment for capturing spectacular architectural shots. Some of these are enlisted below:

Camera

Many different cameras are used to take exemplary architectural images. However, you need to pick a camera depending on your level of expertise in this niche. Additionally, architectural photography demands an interchangeable-lens camera with full-frame sensors that give a high-quality image and substantial perspective control.

Best Camera for Architectural photography

LEVEL OF EXPERTISETYPES OF CAMERASADVANTAGESBEST CHOICE
Aspiring Photographer Smartphone camera
  1. Versatile and can be mounted over a tripod. 
  2.  Interchangeable camera lens 
  3. Great for practicing angles
  4. Captures architectural details

Samsung and Apple products

IntermediateMicro Four Thirds Cameras
  1. Manual control over aperture and shutter speed.
  2. Interchangeable camera lens
  3. Mirrorless
Professional

Full frame DSLR

Best camera for architectural photography

Canon:

  • Canon 5D MK IV
  • Canon 6D MK II
  • Canon 1D X Mark II

Nikon: 

  • Nikon D750
  • Nikon D810
  • Nikon D5

 

Camera Settings

As far as architecture photography is concerned, your subject remains stationary. As a result, a camera with a slower shutter speed is sufficient. However, you may be required to juggle between Aperture Priority (AV) or Manual modes of operating your camera. However, the most preferred camera settings for architecture photography are:

ISO100
Aperturef/8 to f/14
Shutter speedStart with 1/125th of a second

Lens

The right combination of camera and lens impacts your image’s quality and the result of your photo. Hence while you choose your lens to be mindful if it solves your purpose of photography. Some of the lenses that are of great use include:

  • Standard camera lens

For architectural photography, you might often have to take a wide-angle image occupying the entire frame. For this purpose, a standard zoom lens will be of great use as it has a smaller focal length at the bottom end and a larger one at the top end. 

  • Specialty camera lenses

Specialty lenses help you unleash your creativity concerning perspective and depth. There are different types of specialty lenses that give a unique look and feel to your photograph. Some of their effects in architectural photography are listed below: 

 

Types of Specialty lensesPurpose in architectural photography

Wide-angle lens

  • Captures larger sections of exteriors in a frame
  • It may cause distorting around the edges of the image, which you can fix in editing software. 
  • Useful for structural photography
Tilt-shift lens
  • Fakes a shallow depth of field to help you play with the viewer’s sense of scale
  • A popular type of architecture photography lens.
  • Allows for adjusting the angles independent of the camera. 
  •  Avoids perspective distortion that causes vertical lines to seem to converge when  shooting a tall building.
  • Used to create a miniaturization effect
Fish-eye lens
  • Distorts interior shots in exciting ways.

 

Best Lens for Architectural photography- Product links

  1. Rokinon 24mm f3.5 Tilt Shift ED AW UMC

     

    Rokinon Tilt-Shift 24mm

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  2. Tamron 15-30mm f2.8 Di VC USD
    Tamron SP 15-30mm

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  3. Fujifilm 10-24mm f4
    Fujifilm 10-24mm f4

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  4. Sony 16-35mm f4 OSS
    Sony 16-35mm f4 OSS

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  5. Panasonic 7-14mm f4
    Panasonic 7-14mm f4

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Accessories for Architecture Photography

  • Tripod: A tripod keeps your camera steady, primarily when you use a heavy telephoto lens, photograph a long exposure subject, or in a low-light location, resulting in a more fantastic, sharper final image.
    Tripod

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  • Flash: When capturing interior architecture, you have to compensate for the limited light with a flash attachment to get a brighter image. Additionally, you may include other equipment like speed lights, reflectors, and shoot-through umbrellas.
    Neewer TT560 Flash Speedlite

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    Neewer 43 Inch/110 Centimeter

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    Westcott 2005 45-Inch Optical White Satin Umbrella

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  • Angle Finder: An angle finder helps you get down to an extreme angle to photograph an image. This equipment gives a broader angle feel to the picture. 
  • Cable Release or Remote Trigger System: This equipment prevents your camera from moving. A cable release is a wire attached to your camera that helps you hit the shutter without your touch. In comparison, a remote trigger system uses radio or infra-red signals to perform the same task. Hence it is more versatile than the former. 
    Pixel Timer Shutter Release TW283-N3

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  • Polarizing Filter: This filter is used to maximize or minimize the effect of reflections in an image. Further, this filter intensifies the colors in an image. 
    Amazon Basics Circular Polarizer Camera Lens Filter

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  • Strobes: This equipment is a simple light source that helps balance out the light in an image. Additionally, it allows you to light up the scene creatively. 
    Neewer Vision 4 300W GN60 Outdoor Studio Flash Strobe

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  • Bubble Level: While using a wide-angle lens, it can be challenging to align your camera along the horizon. This is because it faces some distortions at its widest focal length. As a result, you need to resort to using a bubble level.
    Camera Level Hot Shoe Level Hot Shoe Bubble Cover

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  • Post Processing Software: Your well-exposed architectural photography is incomplete without post-processing. Hence, software that helps you process your photos is essential to make your image the best. 

 

Videos on Architecture Photography

How to photograph INCREDIBLE ARCHITECTURE!

How to Photograph Architecture

Architecture Photography: Capture Stunning Photos with Angles, Light, and Shape

How to Capture Great Architecture Photography?

  • Choose and Research on the Location

Although there are umpteen architectural photography options, you have to start with buildings that grab your attention or have some meaning to them. In that sense, capturing older buildings is a beautiful way to start as they give you captivating images. In addition, these buildings offer impressive architecture that showcases their age. Hence, research on the structure, its history, how it was built, and its use. In the absence of historical buildings, you can still consider the details of the building like exciting ceilings, artistic staircases, the shape of the roof, the material of the ceiling or floor, recurring design elements, or great symbols. This way, you will learn to document the details of the whole building. Additionally, you will have to pay attention to the landscape that surrounds your subject. This will help you place the architecture in context. 

  • Shoot in a Variety of Weather Conditions and Times of Day

Light decides how a photo is perceived. Hence, you need to visit your subject multiple times of the day to determine the kind of effect you wish to give your viewers. For example, when you stick to a sunny day alone, you will miss how the building appears at other times of the day and a potential detail that may be visible only without the sun. Additionally, weather elements such as rain, cloud, or fog can drastically change the resultant image and set a different mood.  

  • Shoot from Various Perspectives

Shooting from different perspectives enhances the beauty and appreciation of the image. For this, you can zoom in and focus on a single detail to create an abstract image. Additionally, you can fill your frame with a large building hiding its entry and exit. You can even try framing a shot from a different place within the building.

  • Integrate Lines and Shapes

Further, look for lines and shapes to create leading lines and emphasize symmetry and shapes. Images with lines create a visual effect for your viewer. For example, you can integrate diagonal lines to create the feeling of movement. Horizontal lines portray calmness, while vertical lines can indicate power or growth. Additionally, curved lines are prominent in the natural environment; hence they give a real feel to your viewer. Finally, shapes instill interest in your images. For example, focusing on taller heights retains the originality of the image while capturing it from a low angle makes your subject dominate, and looking down on a building enhances its shape. 

  • Include People

If you want to show the actual size of your building, you need to include objects that help you scale the image. For this purpose, photograph the buildings along with the people. This way, your pictures get a human element and appeal to your viewers. 

Overcoming Challenges in Architecture Photography

  • Relying on Existing Light

In the case of interior photography, the existing lighting condition is relatively low, whereas exterior photography is flushed with light. Therefore, when you remain outside the building and wish to capture the interior details, it can be challenging as the interior lighting contrasts the outside environment. To tackle this situation, you have to create an HDR image that balances your image’s tone and exposes it correctly. 

  • Combating Distortions

When your lens projects the straight lines as curved lines in your image, your image is said to be distorted. However, you can negate this phenomenon at the click of a button with the help of editing software like photoshop and lightroom.

  • How to Remove People?

It can be challenging to capture an unobstructed view of famous landmarks as they are always crowded with people. However, you can remove the people through your editing skills. For this purpose, click a series of shots that constitutes a clear image of your subject in fragments. Finally, you can remove people from each layer and arrange the photos in photoshop to reveal the underlying layer to get a clear view of your subject. 

  • Know When to Use Photoshop

As an architectural photographer, you need to acquire photo editing skills to give a touch of abstraction to your images. However, some photos may have to retain their originality; hence they don’t have to be edited. Therefore, before jumping into a project, you need to understand its requirements primarily. 

 

Conclusion

Architecture photography is an extraordinary field that offers fresh opportunities to explore your potential as a photographer. Additionally, it taps your creativity exposing you to dissimilar structures. Hence, sharpen your skills and unleash your talent to carve a niche for yourself in this field.

 

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