Script – Everything You Need To Know

A script is a written form of a story for a film, television show, or video game narrating the characters’ nature, movements, actions, expressions, and dialogues. It showcases the plot, tone, and flavor of the work of art. A script is different from a screenplay as the latter is the movie’s final version.

What is a Script?

A script is a document the director follows while staging a show or movie. It has instructions that include characters, settings, dialogue, and stage directions.

  • In theatrical arts, they are called play scripts, and scriptwriters are playwrights. 
  • In movies and T.V. shows, they are called screenwriters, and the script is called teleplay. 
  • A movie script is called a screenplay

Irrespective of the fields, a good script forms the foundation for works of art and performance. 

A script is made up of three sections:

  • The ACT explains the time and places the scene unfolds. It’s the major breakdown of the script.
  • The SCENE breaks down the details of each section introducing the characters and their actions.
  • The PAGE number is found at the top right corner for easy navigation through the pages while reading.

Scriptwriting is an art that you can hone. To march forward in this, know the essential and technical aspects of writing scripts from this post.

What is a Movie Script?

A movie stands on a good script. A script tells how a movie should be filmed and includes everything that happens in a movie. It is written for the actors, directors, and writers to use and helps to prepare their roles. Breaking down a script means reading it and identifying the parts needed to improve it. However, there are stages in script writing

The first and foremost step is to develop an idea and figuring the genre of the film, such as:

  • Comedy
  • Adventure
  • Action
  • Sci-fi
  • Rom-Com
  • Horror
  • Drama

The hardest part is outlining the screenplay, which may take more than two hours and cover almost 70-180 pages, spanning 120 pages on average.

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What is Script Writing?

Script writing is the process of writing stories for a movie that includes the characters’ actions, expressions, movements, and dialogue. Scriptwriting is different from writing a novel, poem, or essay. It needs some formatting elements to express it effectively visually. Currently, scriptwriters pen for online web series with OTT platforms. Scriptwriters sell their scripts and are also hired. 

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Why is Script Writing Format Important?

Writing a story is more effortless than bringing it in the form of a script and expressing it visually. Creating scenes that fit into the movie screen is challenging. Here’s where script writing formatting comes to the rescue. First, it helps the reader to understand the characters and their places in the story. Second, it helps the writer to write for a visual medium.

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How to Write a Script?

There are ways and steps to be followed while writing a script for a movie:

  1. Ensure the idea or story for the movie has merit among the general audience.
  2. Decide the tone in which you would need your movie to be.
  3. Pick a style that is best suited for comedy, drama, horror, and fantasy with an opening scene that interests the reader spot on.
  4. Create a setting for the story.
  5. Bring out the idea for the movie, which can be anything like adventure, crime-fighting, etc.
  6. Ensure the characters have goals and work on the dialogue.

Thus, a script includes the below, which can be used as an outline.

  • The setup
  • The incident
  • The rising action
  • The climax
  • The falling action
  • The resolution

Elements of Script Formatting

The TV and movie industry follows a script format, including the following standards. 


The industry standard font size is 12, Courier font.

Page Margins

  • A 1.5-inch margin on the left.
  • A 1-inch margin on the right.
  • A 1-inch white space on the top and bottom of the page.


The lines should be centered on the page, below the character. Each block should have a 2.5-inch indent space from the left.

Character Names

The character names should be in capital letters, centered on the page, and indented 3.7 inches from the left side.


The characters who speak in voiceover are signified by “V.O.” next to their names.


The characters heard off-screen are highlighted as O.S. in movie scripts and O.C. in TV scripts.

Dialogue Description

The dialogue can be prose or verse. Every page can have 55 lines, maximum.

Action Lines

Aligning the descriptions of the actions with the left margin is a must.

Scene Headings

They are often called slug lines and must be in capital letters and aligned left.


The scene headings must be preceded by “EXT.” for the exterior and “INT.” for the interior.


Instructions like “FADE OUT” should be in capital letters and aligned with the right margin.

Minimal Camera Directions

The camera and lighting choices are with the director. Use minimal lighting until it is necessary.

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Things to Consider in Scriptwriting

  • Expressing the internal motivation of a character.
  • Using the correct scriptwriting format.
  • Telling the story visually.

Things Included in a Script

Writing a script is all about creativity and knowing how to write it. A proper format is needed to build an enjoyable movie. It must include certain things to bring out the best visually.

  • Scene heading
  • Subheading
  • Transitions
  • Character introductions
  • Action
  • Dialogue
  • Extensions
  • Camera shots
  • Using proper script font and margins
  • Page count
  • Planning out the story structure

How Long Does it Take to Write a Script?

Generally, a movie script writer is given 30-90 days to complete a script. However, if dedicatedly focused on structure planning, theme, characters, and plot, one should be able to complete it in one month. However, inspiration and creativity are all that drive toward the completion of a script.

How to Write a Movie Script?

For a movie script, you need to research and determine the kind of film you would like to make. Once you decide, the process is on. Next, decide on the film’s story, cast, location, and period. Once done, outline the scenes and start working on the dialogue to ensure a clear beginning, middle part, and end. As a final step, prepare an outline of events in every setting and be clear on how long or short each scene should be—a good script details all characters and locations, which helps a director visualize the on-screen scenes. 

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What is a Sample Script?

A sample script makes writing more accessible and a little less daunting. In addition, it gives an insight into what actors look forward to in a scene. 

How Much Does a Script Writer Earn?

The terms in the sale agreement determine the percentage of the payment for the scriptwriter. However, most scriptwriters are paid between 2% and 3 % of a film’s total budget. The average salary for a scriptwriter in the United States ranges between $54,678 and $85,404.

Final Thoughts

You can be an amateur in writing scripts. Still, passion, imagination, creativity, and skills can take you a long way ahead. Make your plot engaging with a clear outline, twists, and suspense. Avoid cliched, dull, or exaggerated ideas. Instead, develop characters that leave an impact on you with convincing conflicts and an accomplished hero’s journey. Above all, it’s about your play with words that make the content—practice writing scripts with different structures, plots, and genres. With practice, you develop your signature style in writing scripts that keep the audience amused from beginning to end. So roll on to try your hands at writing scripts!